加州淘金热对中国银器和香港的影响 by Adrien von Ferscht 皇甫安 Translated by Chao Huang 黄超

THE CALIFORNIA GOLD-RUSH EFFECT ON CHINESE SILVER AND HONG KONG 加州淘金热对中国银器和香港的影响                                                 by Adrien von Ferscht 皇甫安  Translated by Chao Huang 黄超       深入研究发现,中国外销银是目前看来最复杂和最多样的银类品种,无法任取一件这种银器物而知其然,因其内涵传递的信息远比其外观要多。拾一件外销银如同握一颗手榴弹,其中满裹着各种历史、文化和艺术价值,随时准备引爆而揭开一个个秘密。 然而中国外销银长期以来背负着错误的命名,也许长达50年,或许更长时期。即使随着其需求与影响的扩大,银制品也一直并非物如其名,也从没有人给予它一个接近真相的适合头衔。我们有且仅有从史料记载的时间上判断,在18世纪末至1840年这60多年的时间里,一大批重要的新古典银相继出现,先是为了“出口市场”而生产,后则是供“国内消费”而制作。而这些银制品的制造者/主人,多以旅居中国的西方居民或新兴中国的中产阶级为主。 关于银制品制造者,笔者经过最近大量的勘校性研究后发现,一些被西方认为是“制造者”身份的人,实际上并不是制造者,而是零售银匠或零售商,并且银制品也仅仅只是其售卖的其中一种特殊商品。这众多鉴定银器标识背后的人物,在这时空中,经常能够带人进入一个无法预料的旅程,笔者本文想要介绍的,便是其中这样一个银器标识—-香港的“Chong Woo(长和)”。 “长和”标识最早可追溯到英国殖民统治早期(具体而言是1849年起),此标识虽无特别明确的样式,又往往与优质产品无关,但有其标识的银器却多为稀缺品,并且它的存在清楚地表明了曾有人懂得银器的工艺以及样式质量监控。 实际上,“长和”之名完全是虚构的名称,该标识背后的真实人物是招雨田(Chiu Yu Tin,常称招成林),14岁移民香港,是香港岛最早的移民者之一。他出生在距广州不远的南海县的一个贫苦家庭。碰巧的是,许多重要的广州零售银匠也来自佛山南海县,也就是说,招雨田很可能与银匠世家有着某些密切联系。 […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER – The East-West Divide 中國出口銀器:東西方的分裂

 CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: The East-West Divide 中國出口銀器:東西方的分裂 Well into his third year of research, Adrien von Ferscht has always maintained a deep appreciation of the neo-classical Chinese Export Silver – a product of the late 18th/early 19th centuries. As his research has progressed, he has become increasingly aware of the trend of the majority of Chinese […]

META-MUSEUM:CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Easter Rarities 中國出口銀器: 復活節的珍寶

  CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Easter Rarities   中國出口銀器: 復活節的珍寶 While religious items of Chinese Export Silver are relatively rare, they certainly do exist for the Muslim and Jewish faiths, both of which were minority religions that had relevancy to China, with items with Hindu decorative imagery obviously existing in larger numbers. Christian religious objects, though, […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: The Enamel Revival Phenomenon 中國出口銀器:琺瑯的復興現象

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: The Enamel Revival Phenomenon 中國出口銀器: 琺瑯的復興現象

The art of cloisonné is often looked upon as a Chinese art and in some respects it is a correct assumption, however cloisonné, as a technique finds its roots back in the 13 century BCE Mycenaean era and the Mediterranean – or at least the earliest known examples are to be found there. Since this […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER – The Glasgow Connection 中國出口銀器: 格拉斯哥的聯系

#ChineseExportSilver There are more similarities between the port cities of Glasgow and Canton in the early 19th century than one might think, apart from the obvious fact they were both thriving port cities where the very existence of each city was inextricably linked to the port. By the 17th century, both Canton and Glasgow had […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER – The 19th Century Phenomenon Equivalent to the iPad! 中國出口銀器: 十九世紀的相等於今天萍果平版的現像

  The 1842 Treaty of Nanking broke the habit of a lifetime; after over 2500 years, China could no longer be the closely guarded introspective nation it had been, but even with the enforced opening of the fortress-like doors the treaty was in reality more of a fissure rather the hoped-for wide open gateway that […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER – The Huge Influence of the Early 20th Century Chinese Department Stores 中國出口銀器: 二十世紀初中國百貨公司業的巨大影響

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: The Huge Influence of the Early 20th Century Chinese Department Stores 中國出口銀器: 二十世紀初中國百貨公司業的巨大影響 Department stores were first introduced to China in the late 19th century but they came in the guise of foreign chains or investors who were doing nothing more than trying to establish lucrative colonial implants that had previously appeared on […]

META-MUSEUM: A VERY CHINESE PURIM SPIEL 非常中國式的普珥節話劇

To many people it will seem incongruous that a 19th century Chinese silversmith in Canton would have created a megillah, but it’s not as strange as it initially appears. Albeit that Chinese megillot are rare, they come with what any megillah has – a long story. But this time it’s not just the scroll contained […]

META-MUSEUM:CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Catherine the Great Comes to Town! 中國出口銀器: 凱薩琳大帝來了!

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Catherine the Great Comes to Town! 中國出口銀器: 凱薩琳大帝來了! Catherine the Great could never be called a simple girl; to do so would be a gross understatement of the reality that was this supremely extrovert empress. Here we see her inaugurating the new Imperial Academy of Art in 1765 at the Shuvalov Palace […]

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER GOES HEAVY METAL! 中國出口銀器也玩重金屬

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER GOES HEAVY METAL!   中國出口銀器也玩重金屬! It would be perfectly logical to expect Chinese Export Silver to be exactly what it says on the can; silver made for the export market in mind. The art of silversmithing is, after all, a very exacting and particular skill. To discover examples of this quite unique silver […]

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