加州淘金热对中国银器和香港的影响 by Adrien von Ferscht 皇甫安 Translated by Chao Huang 黄超

THE CALIFORNIA GOLD-RUSH EFFECT ON CHINESE SILVER AND HONG KONG 加州淘金热对中国银器和香港的影响                                                 by Adrien von Ferscht 皇甫安  Translated by Chao Huang 黄超       深入研究发现,中国外销银是目前看来最复杂和最多样的银类品种,无法任取一件这种银器物而知其然,因其内涵传递的信息远比其外观要多。拾一件外销银如同握一颗手榴弹,其中满裹着各种历史、文化和艺术价值,随时准备引爆而揭开一个个秘密。 然而中国外销银长期以来背负着错误的命名,也许长达50年,或许更长时期。即使随着其需求与影响的扩大,银制品也一直并非物如其名,也从没有人给予它一个接近真相的适合头衔。我们有且仅有从史料记载的时间上判断,在18世纪末至1840年这60多年的时间里,一大批重要的新古典银相继出现,先是为了“出口市场”而生产,后则是供“国内消费”而制作。而这些银制品的制造者/主人,多以旅居中国的西方居民或新兴中国的中产阶级为主。 关于银制品制造者,笔者经过最近大量的勘校性研究后发现,一些被西方认为是“制造者”身份的人,实际上并不是制造者,而是零售银匠或零售商,并且银制品也仅仅只是其售卖的其中一种特殊商品。这众多鉴定银器标识背后的人物,在这时空中,经常能够带人进入一个无法预料的旅程,笔者本文想要介绍的,便是其中这样一个银器标识—-香港的“Chong Woo(长和)”。 “长和”标识最早可追溯到英国殖民统治早期(具体而言是1849年起),此标识虽无特别明确的样式,又往往与优质产品无关,但有其标识的银器却多为稀缺品,并且它的存在清楚地表明了曾有人懂得银器的工艺以及样式质量监控。 实际上,“长和”之名完全是虚构的名称,该标识背后的真实人物是招雨田(Chiu Yu Tin,常称招成林),14岁移民香港,是香港岛最早的移民者之一。他出生在距广州不远的南海县的一个贫苦家庭。碰巧的是,许多重要的广州零售银匠也来自佛山南海县,也就是说,招雨田很可能与银匠世家有着某些密切联系。 […]

THE CALIFORNIA GOLD-RUSH EFFECT ON CHINESE SILVER AND HONG KONG 加州淘金热对中国银器和香港的影响

THE CALIFORNIA GOLD-RUSH EFFECT ON CHINESE SILVER AND HONG KONG 加州淘金热对中国银器和香港的影响                                                                                          […]

THE INFLUENCE OF THE TRIADS ON THE DECORATIVE ARTS IN CHINA 三合會對中國和香港的裝飾藝術之影響

THE INFLUENCE OF THE TRIADS ON THE DECORATIVE ARTS IN CHINA  三合會對中國和香港的裝飾藝術之影響 Style, the demand for style and the supply of style is an extremely fine-tuned, complex equation that only requires a small weakness in one element and the equation is compromised. Style icons are also an essential factor in creating a momentum for style […]

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER & THE ENLIGHTENED RENAISSANCE 中國出口銀器: 被啟蒙的文藝復興

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER AND THE ENLIGHTENED RENAISSANCE   中國出口銀器: 被啟蒙的文藝復興 Chinese Export Silver always adapted to the realities of Chinese history; it was, after all, a product of that history,as such, it has qualities that no other silver category possesses. Viewed in the overall context of China, it is an excellent indicator of prevailing historical […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER – The Huge Influence of the Early 20th Century Chinese Department Stores 中國出口銀器: 二十世紀初中國百貨公司業的巨大影響

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: The Huge Influence of the Early 20th Century Chinese Department Stores 中國出口銀器: 二十世紀初中國百貨公司業的巨大影響 Department stores were first introduced to China in the late 19th century but they came in the guise of foreign chains or investors who were doing nothing more than trying to establish lucrative colonial implants that had previously appeared on […]

META-MUSEUM: WANG HING – Discovering the True Identity of a Genius 宏興: 發現一個天才的真正身份

Since the discovery of Wang Hing & Company by Crosby Forbes in the 1960’s, the name has become synonymous with Chinese Export Silver, yet virtually nothing was known about the company. This is a historic moment: for the first time in the research of this unique silver category, the true name of the family behind […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Passing the salt in style – for 8000 years! 中國出口銀器: 遞上鹽的格調 – 8000年了!

      To many of us, we might be aware of the connotations that salt has with monarchy – a substance of high value and denoting high status. We might also be aware of the connections of salt with the Romans – the very word “salary” being a derivative that traces its roots to […]

META-MUSEUM:CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Lustrous Beacons of Excellence 中國出口銀器: 明亮的卓越之燈塔

  CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Lustrous Beacons of Excellence   中國出口銀器: 明亮的卓越之燈塔  Chinese Export Silver is without doubt the most mysterious silver category the world ever saw. Only now, over 70 years after it faded into obscurity, are we beginning to understand some of the many enigmas; it’s the stuff of movies! As a silver category, […]

META-MUSEUM: CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: Takes a cup of kindness yet 中國出口銀器: 我們一起真誠地舉杯

There are not many things the West and China had in common in the 18th and 19th centuries, but certainly one thing both cultures shared was a penchant for drinking alcohol. Alcohol and silver have always made a good marriage; silver has been used to elevate the consumption of alcohol to a higher plain of […]

META-MUSEUM:CHINESE EXPORT SILVER:The Ultimate Tea Ceremony 中國出口銀器: 終極茶道

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER: The Ultimate Tea Ceremony 中國出口銀器: 終極茶道  Chinese Export Silver was very much a product of the China Trade which in itself was a phenomenon born out of the long-established silk and tea trades between China and the West. Tea, like silver, is very much embedded into the Chinese psyche. Unlike in China, […]

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